Decision-Making Process

《Course Description》


Understanding and knowing the ways and steps to collect and analyze the information and be able to make sound judgement and responsible decisions has become such an important skill and asset in academic life, work-settings and our life in today’s complex, uncertain and fast-changing world.


The overall aim of this course is to equip students with the abilities to make informed and thoughtful decisions by utilizing and examining the information made available by media critically and productively.


By using Spencer Johnson’s book ’Yes or No The Guide to Better Decisions’, students will learn the steps of an effective decision-making process, namely collecting and gathering information; identifying the options or alternatives; checking the assumptions and evidence; examining possible scenarios for each option; discerning what matters; choosing and taking actions; and making an objective reflection.


Some of the questions we will look at to improve our decision- making processes are: do I have enough information in order to make an informed and effective decision? Where do I go to obtain the missing information? What alternatives or options does this piece of new information imply or tell us?


This course will also look at the ‘ten instincts’ (Factfulness by Hans Rosling) that tend to distort our perspectives of the world and prevent us from seeing how actually it is.


Students will practice, examine and apply those concepts, frameworks and steps through in-class exercises and assignments in a form of pair work, group work, reports and presentations.


Due to the experiential and participatory nature of the course, the course requires students’ participation and serious engagement to create and nurture a respectful learning environment.


《Class Goals》


By the end of this course, students will:

(1) Understand the importance of examining and making the effective use of the information in order to make sound judgement and informed decisions;

(2) Have better understanding of an effective decision-making process;

(3) Develop awareness of possible biases and instincts to affect our perspectives.

Class Goals



《Class Schedule》

【1】Introduction to the Course and Learning Guides: Learning how to ‘learn’

【2】 How ‘fact-ful’ are we?- Examining instincts and biases that influence our perspectives

【3】Tools to Express Opinions(circle process)1: Procedure, process and practice

【4】 Tools to Express Opinions(circle process)2: Procedure, process and practice

【5】 Decision-making process1: Collecting and Analyzing Information

【6】Decision-making process2: Questioning and Reviewing Information

【7】Decision-making process3: Questioning and Reviewing Options and Assumptions

【8】 Decision-making process4: Understanding Values and Needs

【9】Decision-making process5: Creative Questioning and Reflection

【10】 Empathy and Perspective-taking: Interviewing





【15】Reflections on the Course and Summary



《Remarks for Class》


This course is a participatory class consisting of lectures, group discussions and some in-class exercises. Due to the experiential and participatory nature of the course, the course requires students’ serious engagement to create and nurture a respectful learning environment.


《Reference Books》

Pranis, Key(2015). Little Book of Circle Processes: A New/Old Approach To Peacemaking , Good Books.

Rosling,Hans(2018). Factfulness: Ten Reasons We’re Wrong About The World – And Why Things Are Better Than You Think, Sceptre. Schirch, Lisa and Campt (2015).

The Little Book of Dialogue for Difficult Subjects, Good Books.

リック ウォレン(2015) 『人生を導く5つの目的―自分らしく生きるた めの42章』パーパスドリブンジャパン

スペンサー ジョンソン(2015)『1分間意思決定 ― 決断力が身につくた った1つのルール』ダイヤモンド社

長田晃(2019)『英語で味わう聖書のことば』 (フォレストブックス) い のちのことば社

長田晃(2020)『聖書で習得する英語』 (フォレストブックス) いのちの ことば社

ハンス&オーラ・ロスリング(2019)『FACTFULNESS(ファクトフルネ ス) 10の思い込みを乗り越え、データを基に世界を正しく見る習慣』 日経BP社